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Effect of environment on the electronic and magnetic properties of transition metals and rare-earth complexes

Abstract : This thesis presents the results of low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS) studies on transition-metal phthalocyanines molecules on the noble metal surfaces. The STM/STS measurements have been performed for MnPc and CuPc molecules adsorbed on Ag(111) and Au(111) surfaces at the experimental working temperature of 4.5 K. These two types of molecules exhibit substantially different adsorption configurations, the electronic and magnetic behaviors and the molecule vibrational structures. The STM/STS studies have focused mainly on the magnetic properties of these molecules by means of Kondo effect, and special attention has been paid to MnPc molecule due to its more interesting magnetic behavior arising from the central Mn atom. Particularly we investigated the spectral evolution of electronic and magnetic structures of MnPc starting from a single molecule up to the ordered bilayer structures on Ag(111) surface. In addition, the STM/STS investigations showed an evidence of magnetic coupling between the magnetic moments of the Co atom and MnPc molecule and its strong dependence on the adsorption site of Co atom. These STM/STS investigations on this system allowed us to understand the effect of molecule-substrate, molecule-molecule and molecule-atom interactions on the electronic and magnetic properties of MnPc molecules.
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Tuerhong Rouzhaji. Effect of environment on the electronic and magnetic properties of transition metals and rare-earth complexes. Condensed Matter [cond-mat]. Université de Strasbourg, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017STRAE006⟩. ⟨tel-02003425⟩

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