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Synthèse totale du 13-desméthyle spirolide C

Abstract : Gymnodimines, spirolides, pinnatoxines and pteriatoxines constitute a family of marine toxins with complex structures. They are produced in small quantities by marine microorganisms called dinoflagellates. These toxins are known to block the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR), but the exact mode of action remains to be determined. Biological tests have showed that the spiroimine moiety, the common feature of these molecules, is the main pharmacophore, essential for the antagonist activity. 13-dem SPX C belongs to the cyclic imine toxin family. Its complex structure shows an original cyclic imine core, a macrocycle that bears bis spiroketal moiety and a butenolide. Currently, no total synthesis of this toxin has been achieved. This Ph.D. work has been focused on methodological studies to synthesize cyclic imine core of 13-dem SPX C and on the synthesis of a very functionalized compound to reach 13-dem SPX C.In the first part, a methodological work to synthesize simple optically active spiroimines was achieved. This original 3 steps sequence was based on asymmetric ADc reactions, isomerization and 1,3-dipolar [3+2]-cycloaddition from easily accessible cycloketones.In the second time we imagined two synthetic ways to reach a highly functionalized moiety of 13-dem SPX C. Only the way that relies on 1,2-addition of nucleophile followed by a cyclization to get spirocyclic patterns and an iridium(I) catalyzed hydrogenation of endo alkene was tested.
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Matt Rambla. Synthèse totale du 13-desméthyle spirolide C. Chimie organique. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PA112169⟩. ⟨tel-02003407⟩

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