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Utilisation de la polymérisation RAFT pour la synthèse de latex de poly(chlorure de vinylidène) (PVDC) sans tensioactif

Abstract : Since poly(vinylidene chloride) (PVDC)-based copolymers present unique oxygen and water vapor barrier properties, they are a material of choice for pharmaceutical blisters and food packaging. PVDC-based latexes used in coating applications are generally stabilized by low molecular weight surfactants, which are prone to migration in the film after coating and cause material degradation. The main goal of our project is the synthesis of surfactant-free PVDC-based latexes by using hydrophilic macromolecular RAFT agents (macroRAFT). The latter plays the role of precursor of stabilizer and limits migration phenomena by being covalently bound to particles. In a first part, RAFT polymerization of VDC was studied in homogenous solution. Well-defined statistical and amphiphilic blocks copolymers based on PVDC were synthesized. Then, PVDC-based latexes were obtained by emulsion polymerization mediated by hydrophilic non-ionic and pH sensitive macroRAFT pre-formed in organic solvent. Those hydrophilic segments were chemically anchored to the particles. A fully water-based process was developed by synthesizing in water pH sensitive and permanently charged hydrophilic macroRAFT which were further used directly in emulsion polymerization without additional purification. Stable PVDC-based latexes exhibiting solids content of 40 % were obtained using a very small quantity of macroRAFT, fulfilling the industrial requirements. Drying of self-stabilized latexes led to transparent films which display only a slight whitening after water exposition contrary to the commercial film reference and better barrier properties
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Émilie Velasquez. Utilisation de la polymérisation RAFT pour la synthèse de latex de poly(chlorure de vinylidène) (PVDC) sans tensioactif. Polymères. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LYO10067⟩. ⟨tel-02003347⟩

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