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Optical probing of thermodynamic parameters and radical production in cavitating micro-flows

Abstract : A constriction in the microchannel can be used to establish a two-phase flow, when a sufficient liquid flux is introduced. This is known as hydrodynamic cavitation. The latent heat resulting from the growing and collapsing vapor bubbles makes it interesting to observe the temperature conditions in the flow downstream of the constriction. Using fluorescence microscopy, with the addition of temperature sensitive nano probes into the working fluid, we can determine the temperature at a single point, averaged over the integration time. Coupled with a confocal microscope, we were able to produce two and three dimensional temperature maps of the steady state flow in the microchannel by the use of ratiometric intensity measurements. This technic allows us to observe temperature gradients in two-phase flow as well yielding the void fraction information. Areas of substantial cooling are observed downstream the constriction in the two-phase flow, linked to the bubble growth, while heating regions due to condensations are missing. A complementary, yet less sensitive probe-less technique using the inherent Raman scattering signal of the liquid, was used to confirm the findings. A separate study evaluating a new group of luminescent materials for optical temperature and pressure probes is performed and discussed herein. Finally, the luminol chemiluminescent reaction with radicals produced by the cavitating flow, is used to obtain a corresponding photon yield. By counting the photons produced, an estimate on the radical yield can be obtained. Additionally, rudimentary mapping of the chemiluminescence signal allows the localization of the bubble collapse regions
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Darjan Podbevsek. Optical probing of thermodynamic parameters and radical production in cavitating micro-flows. Optics [physics.optics]. Université de Lyon, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE1210⟩. ⟨tel-02002942⟩

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