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Élimination du bore contenu dans l’eau de mer par un système hybride de sorption par résines échangeuses d’ions et de microfiltration

Abstract : The maximum concentration suggested by the World Health Organization is 0.3 mg/L. In this study, we investigated a hybrid process for boron removal from water which associates sorption on ion exchange resin and microfiltration, without continuous resin addition. First, fine resins were obtained by grounding and sieving at 40 and 60 µm commercial resins (Amberlite IRA743, Diaion CRB05 and Purolite S108). The resins were then tested in batch to obtain the kinetics and in the hybrid sorption/microfiltration process to measure breakthrough curves and permeate flux. A ceramic microfiltration membrane was used to retain the ion exchange resin in the feed tank and the circulation loop while the boron solution was continuously added and the permeate collected for analysis. The effect of resin dosage, boron initial concentration, transmembrane pressure and membrane pore size was studied. In a second part, the effect of the size of the resin particles on the breakthrough curves measured at the outlet of a column was determined and a comparison between the performances of a column and a hybrid system are proposed. For the Amberlite IRA743 resin, the overall process was tested: reverse osmosis followed by hybrid sorption/microfiltration. The hybrid process was able to re-duce concentration of bacterial and phytoplankton cells thanks to the steric rejection by the microfiltration membrane, suggesting that the same membrane can be used as a pretreatment before reverse osmosis in a desalination plant. In a final part, the experimental isotherms and kinetics are compared with classical models, and the breakthrough curves obtained with a column and with the hybrid sys-tem are modelised. Overall, it is suggested that the hybrid process of ion exchange resin and microfiltration without continuous addition of resin may be a possible technique for boron removal
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Submitted on : Friday, February 1, 2019 - 1:03:29 AM
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Assma Ahmed Alharati. Élimination du bore contenu dans l’eau de mer par un système hybride de sorption par résines échangeuses d’ions et de microfiltration. Génie des procédés. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE1051⟩. ⟨tel-02002940⟩



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