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Analyse d’un réseau territorial pour soutenir la durabilité des exploitations agricoles : rôle de processus collectifs d'innovation

Abstract : Changing agricultural paradigm reveals local actors initiatives with regard to sustainable development. Based on the organics farmers union GABB32 experience around organic and conventional farmers agro-ecological techniques transfer and dissemination, this thesis proposes to analyze the role of collective dynamics in agro-ecological farms transition. In order to study innovations and its processes, we have developed a comprehensive methodology that combines the use of data collection such as interviews, participative and non-participative observation, and documentary analysis, which allowed following 30 farms belonging from the organic farmers union GABB32 cover crops group. In total, we realized 55 semi-structured interviews conducted with the main local actors: farmers, agricultural professional bodies, institutions, associations, and citizens. Results were articulated with farm management, group knowledge exchange and participatory approach, and territorial network dynamics. We reveal several individual and collective parameters in transitions. At the individual level, farmer strategies and values have an impact on the intensity of innovation. At the collective level, dynamics contribute to the advancement of innovation processes. From there, it is possible for farms to obtain a sustainable positive evolution. Creating spaces for knowledge exchange between farmers and changing practices toward sustainability opens network interactions and multi-actors cooperation’s. Collective action results show that they encourage organic farming development.
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Mariana Corrales. Analyse d’un réseau territorial pour soutenir la durabilité des exploitations agricoles : rôle de processus collectifs d'innovation. Agriculture, économie et politique. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU20109⟩. ⟨tel-02002190⟩

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