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Cancer and microenvironment : the functional interplay between intra- and extracellular nucleotide metabolisms

Abstract : Nucleotides play a major role in nucleic acids constitution and are involved in various cell phenomena. Indeed, intracellular ATP, GTP, AMP, GMP and their cyclic forms are components of cell signaling and define the energetic balance. Extracellularly, they also play multiple roles. Thus, when nucleotide pools are deregulated various processes are impacted. For example, a low availability of nucleotides supports genetic instability and aberrant levels of extracellular adenosine can lead to an immunosuppressive microenvironment. Interestingly, the cited parameters are among the Cancer Hallmarks described by Hanahan and Weinberg. These observations confirm the possibility of a key role of these molecules in this pathology. cN-II and CD73 are 5’-nucleotidases, involved in intra- and extracellular nucleotide metabolism respectively and have been identified as possible targets for new anti-cancer therapies. Nevertheless, very little is known about their biological roles on cancer cells and what parameters of cell biology could be impacted by such strategies. Considering the involvement of these purines in cell metabolism, we wondered what changes a decrease in cN-II and/orCD73 expressions or their silencing could trigger in cancer cells as well as in the interplay with their microenvironment.We studied cancer cell aggressiveness and the interplay with innate immune cells under cN-II and CD73 modulations. We observed that cN-II is involved in metabolic adaptability. The association of cN-II and CD73 invalidations results in glucose-metabolism-related gene modifications. CD73 can regulate migration-related genes expression but does not affect the process. cN-II is also involved in cell migration, via the COX-2/PGE2 axis. Again, these characteristics are accentuated when associated with CD73 deficiency. Here, cN-II and CD73 do not seem to be involved in cancer cell proliferation or in their interplay with a subset of innate immune cells
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Octavia Cadassou. Cancer and microenvironment : the functional interplay between intra- and extracellular nucleotide metabolisms. Cancer. Université de Lyon, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE1189⟩. ⟨tel-02002186⟩

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