La scolarité des enfants d'immigrés polonais en Normandie (Société Métallurgique de Normandie et Société des mines de Soumont) : entre cοntexte paternaliste et vοlοnté identitaire (1919-1939)

Abstract : In 1919, a Franco-Polish convention aiming to encourage the dispatch of Polish workers to France was signed. In this text, nothing was mentioned as to how the Polish children of work-ers and parents were to be educated, yet the latter were asking their employers that classes be opened and held in Polish for their children. The idea that this was temporary and the hope of soon returning to their homeland then prevailed in all minds. As from the early 1920s, and facing this unconsidered educational issue, French authorities had to contend with the setting up of Polish classes, among other things under the aegis of the mining companies. The Polish State, on its part, was also looking into the situation, and, in 1924, the issue of opening Polish language and culture classes for immigrant children was raised during the Franco-Polish Con-ference that was being held in Paris. At this point in time, French authorities were refusing to legislate and institutionalise these courses. But to not upset this major Polish partner, the Central Committee of French Coal Mines, through the intermediary of Henri de Peyerimhoff, drew up a letter in which it encour-aged employers to implement this type of lesson in two ways: in private schools as in state schools. Further to this, between 1925 and 1939, five circulars were published by the French Ministry of Public Instruction to assert and specify which principles were to regulate these lessons held for foreign children, be they immigrants or born to immigrant ancestors. Studying the Polish communities who settled in the industrial and paternalistic areas based near Caen (in the Calvados department), the SMN-SMS (Metallurgical Society of Normandy – “Société des Mines de Soumont”) and the Polish classes that were instituted enables us to answer several questions. We can thus wonder, initially, what these classes for foreign chil-dren consisted in (context, organisation, funding), but most of all how these classes/school structures went against a desire to integrate. Taking an interest in the relationships the various stakeholders had with one another is also relevant. The French and Polish authorities, miners, the mining board and C.C.F.C.M. (C.C.H.F in French), and through this establish the place, the role an instructor had in a Polish community in France.
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Jean Luc Sochacki. La scolarité des enfants d'immigrés polonais en Normandie (Société Métallurgique de Normandie et Société des mines de Soumont) : entre cοntexte paternaliste et vοlοnté identitaire (1919-1939). Education. Normandie Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NORMC019⟩. ⟨tel-02001657⟩

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