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Mode d'action biocide de nouveaux procédés de décontamination sur deux formes de résistances bactériennes

Abstract : Several decontamination technologies exist, however bacterial spores and biofilms remain a concern in a lot of fields, like hospital, alimentary and military. A new foam containing a biocide (sodium hypochlorite or hydrogen peroxide) and a stabilizing agent (Xanthan) has been studied to answer this problematic. This foam can be used in different ways on the field following contaminations: grounds’ spraying, walls’ covering and spraying, full pieces’ filling (walls and ground). The goal of this thesis is to evaluate the biocide efficiency of these foams on spores and biofilms. We optimized experimental protocols in order to study mechanisms of foams’ action on spores and biofilms based on theirs future applications (horizontal, vertical and filling) and depending on different environmental factors which may impact foam decontamination efficiencies (materials, temperatures, soil, …). This thesis work enabled to highlight the Xanthan foam containing 5% NaOCl from the one including 12% H2O2 in military sector. This foam allows a rapid decontamination, about 7 logs of spores in 30 minutes, for each of the three ways of use at 20°C. Moreover, the destruction of biofilms containing 107 logs of bacteria/cm² was achieved in 1 hour on a horizontal support by filling. This NaOCl foam is ready to be used for industrials.
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Esther Le Toquin. Mode d'action biocide de nouveaux procédés de décontamination sur deux formes de résistances bactériennes. Biotechnologies. Normandie Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NORMR103⟩. ⟨tel-02001604⟩

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