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Côte d'Ivoire ˸ enjeux démocratiques : les acteurs politiques et leurs actions au sein de la société ivoirienne de 1940 à 2010

Abstract : Democracy has always been an activity practiced by many. Various popular revolutions had been enforced in order to achieve the most suitable form of democracy through time and space. Hence, the 1936 reforms enforced by the French Popular Front in France were also dispatched in the former colonies. Ivorians created then some political parties that were headed by the PDCI until March 30, 1990. In 1999, the first bloodless state coup was registered and Bédié was overthrown by Gen. Robert Guei. In October 2000, Guei was also removed from power through a mass popular uprising. Meanwhile, in September 2002, the country was divided into a northern Muslim bastion and a southern Christian headquarters, when Gbagbo was on official visit to Italy. The Linas-Marcoussis, Pretoria and Ouagadougou agreements, led to new elections out of which the Constitutional Council proclaimed Gbagbo President while the Independent Electoral Commission legitimated Ouattara. The country fell once more into collapse. Gbagbo was then arrested on April 11, 2011 and sent to the Haye on November 29, where Blé Goudé joined him on March 23, 2014, and their trial is still on nowadays. Since the old days up till now, democracy seems to be a utopia among Ivoirians.
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Ley G. Ikpo. Côte d'Ivoire ˸ enjeux démocratiques : les acteurs politiques et leurs actions au sein de la société ivoirienne de 1940 à 2010. Science politique. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016USPCB244⟩. ⟨tel-02001442⟩

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