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Utilisation de ressources issues de la biomasse pour la synthèse de complexes de ruthénium à ligands 2,2’ : 6’,2’’-terpyridines comme colorants au sein de cellules solaires DSSC

Abstract : Throughout this thesis, new organometallic dyes have been developed to use them as photosensitizers in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), whose simplicity of implementation, low cost production and attractive design are major assets. Black dye analogues were first developed, a thorough study of DFT calculations allowed a more constructive approach to the choice of molecular designs. Biomass-derived aldehydes such as vanillin, syringaldehyde or 5-hydroxymethylfurfural have been used to substitute the terpyridine ligand by different (hetero)aromatic groups in the 4’ position in order to modulate charge transfers. In a second step, a hexyloxymethyl chain was introduced in the 4'' position with the aim of reduce charge recombination during the solar cell operation and in the same time to place the LUMO closer to the anchoring groups for better charge injections to the semiconductor. The use of cyanoacrylate groups was also considered in place of the carboxylic acids in order to obtain more panchromatic absorptions. [Ru(tpy)2] and [Ru(tpy)(bpy)NCS] complexes have also been synthesized and studied for their increased stability over time in the solar cell compared to the NCS ligand complexes. Some dyes have been tested in solar cells in combination of titanium dioxide as the semiconductor and the I3-/I- couple as the redox mediator.
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Florian Charrier. Utilisation de ressources issues de la biomasse pour la synthèse de complexes de ruthénium à ligands 2,2’ : 6’,2’’-terpyridines comme colorants au sein de cellules solaires DSSC. Chimie organique. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017UBFCD081⟩. ⟨tel-02001032⟩

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