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Le rôle du contrôle perçu dans la relation entre l’âge et la mémoire épisodique rétrospective et prospective

Abstract : Perceiving one’s own functioning as determined by one’s own actions and behaviors would be one of the key factors of successful cognitive aging. Perceived control would lead to sustained efforts to maintain a high level of cognitive performance despite advancing age, which would predict a positive evolution of cognitive abilities over time. Currently, many studies show that people with higher levels of sense of control have better memory performance than people who believe that events are beyond their control. Nevertheless, there is still a lack of empirical support concerning the hypothesis of a differential preservation of memory abilities as a function of levels of perceived control. Through three experimental studies and the validation of a new scale evaluating memory control beliefs, this thesis aimed to determine whether perceived control could make a positive contribution to memory aging and to identify the mechanisms that may explain the relationship between perceived control and episodic memory at different ages. Overall, our studies do not support the hypothesis that higher perceived control would moderate age-related differences in episodic memory. However, our work suggests that individuals, especially the older ones, who perceive their memory as controllable obtain better performance during memory tasks than those who perceive their memory as uncontrollable through greater and more efficient use of resource-demanding cognitive strategies.
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Submitted on : Friday, February 1, 2019 - 12:55:16 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02000175, version 1



Candice Maggio. Le rôle du contrôle perçu dans la relation entre l’âge et la mémoire épisodique rétrospective et prospective. Psychologie. Université Côte d'Azur, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018AZUR2018⟩. ⟨tel-02000175⟩



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