Les États de la région Moyen-Orient et Afrique du Nord et la rente pétrolière : de la dépendance aux stratégies alternatives

Abstract : More than fifty years after their independence, most of the countries of Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region are still subject to the revenue generated by the export of hydrocarbons. They have difficulty to develop their economy in spite of their important capacities (natural and human). The IWD in those petroleum countries in this region is lower than some countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America. Nowadays, Governments are facing to unemployment, corruption, informal economy, etc. And, the clear depletion of oil in the future, as the falling oil prices since 2014, are critical reasons to encourage Governments in a reflexion on the post-oil, through the promoting of national and international investments, the diversification of lines of business, non-hydrocarbons, as agriculture, industry or tourism. Mutations in MENA region, not only popular uprising in 2011 but also the advance of Islamic State, are a brake on economical reforms started in Libya, Iraq (since 2003) and Yemen. The rivalries between Iran and Saudi Arabia, and Algeria and Saudi Arabia damage the intra-regional cooperation. That is why those regional countries have to connect and collaborate, on economical and political subjects, in order to develop the economy of the entire region.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [286 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01999874
Contributor : Abes Star <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 30, 2019 - 11:45:28 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 15, 2019 - 4:04:38 AM

File

va_Ouhab_Nassima.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-01999874, version 1

Collections

Citation

Nassima Ouhab-Alathamneh. Les États de la région Moyen-Orient et Afrique du Nord et la rente pétrolière : de la dépendance aux stratégies alternatives. Science politique. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016USPCB185⟩. ⟨tel-01999874⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

116

Files downloads

1127