Dynamique et mécanique de complexes dystrophine-actine-lipides membranaires

Abstract : Dystrophin is a filamentous protein involved in muscular cells structure which links the cytoskeleton to the sarcolemma. Together with cytoskeletal actin and membrane lipids, dystrophin is a part of a macromolecular complex, located under the sarcolemma, which prevents damages induced during repeated muscle contractions and relaxations. Such damages, including sarcolemma disruption, are found in people with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD), diseases caused by mutations altering dystrophin expression or function. There is currently no treatment to cure these myopathies, and a deep understanding of the structure-function of the dystrophin and its interactions with its partners is necessary to the development of gene therapy strategies. Structuraly, this protein is composed of four functionnal domains, including a long filamentous central domain, composed of 24 successive coiled-coil repeats. It was recently showed that the central domain is not rod shaped and some inter-repeats regions (linker) are kinked, delimiting specific interaction sub-domains. This thesis aims to bring knowledge about the basis of the conformationnal diversity of linkers in a structuraly homogenous domain in human dystrophin. We explore how dystrophin delimits some regions that interact with f-actin and/or membrane lipids.
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Dominique Mias-Lucquin. Dynamique et mécanique de complexes dystrophine-actine-lipides membranaires. Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire. Université Rennes 1, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018REN1B024⟩. ⟨tel-01998542⟩

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