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Literature and music in José Manuel Caballero Bonald's works.

Abstract : José Manuel Caballero Bonald is one of the greatest Spanish writers of the 20th and the 21st centuries. His works have been awarded the most important prizes of Hispanic literature. He is also one of the last members of the Generation of ‘50, also known as "The kids of the war".This study is divided into three chapters. The first, "The Dialogue Between the Arts", offers a general approach to the multidisciplinary of the arts, in connection with Caballero Bonald’s critical articles and pieces of literature in which he emphasises this point. The chapter examines the historical and sociological context of the concept of intersemiotics to understand the way artistic domains figure in his writings. It also explains his holistic vision of the arts, his aesthetic thinking and his philosophy. From the perspective of intersemiotics, this enables the analysis of the structural and semantic limits that join and divide literature and music.The second chapter, "Musical Poetics", studies the musical aspects of his poetics, specifically in relation to the idea of musicality of the word. The musical side of his work, which is always meticulously composed, is built in harmony with his primary sources and with the literary movements that can be perceived in his writings. In Caballero Bonald’s thinking, the musical construction of the literary text is intimately related with his life experience, his memory, and all the resonances crossing his mind. The image of the inner ear as the source of the poetic word, which harks back to the mystical poetry of the Spanish Golden Age, brings his act of creation closer to the nature of music, which is built on a similar principle. On this basis, the chapter offers a close reading of several extracts from his works: fragments and poems in which suggestion, evocation, and other proceedings derived from the aesthetic of sound get him genuinely closer to the musical language. In this way, without leaving the borders of literature and music, the chapter examines, starting from the study of the musicality of his writings, the problematic of gender and other issues concerning literary theory, such as the opposition of tradition and experimentation, orality and writing, or poetry and prose.The last chapter, "The Music in his Works", is devoted to the study of the presence of music in his writings from a thematic and symbolic perspective. Music is mentioned in every single novel and book of poems he has published. Among the different music genres he mentions, flamenco undoubtedly plays the leading role in his writings, modernising the relation with scholarly literature that started around the 15th century. In this way, the chapter examines his "Poética de lo jondo", and reconsiders the relationship between scholarly literature and this original form of oral tradition. Given his musical sensitivity, the chapter also studies the presence of silence and the soundscapes in his works. The large number of musical symbols in his writings invites us to think about some of the main questions referred to by the emergent fields in the intersections between literary and musical scholarship. The chapter answers some questions through his poetic and philosophical thinking: Can verse and melody become the same thing? How could we define the sounding range of music?Finally, having answered the above-mentioned questions, this PhD thesis explores the evidence attesting to José Manuel Caballero Bonald as a cultivated person within musical culture. This evidence is mainly embedded in his professional work as music producer, songwriter and folklorist. It is the influence of music on his writings that has been studied in detail in this thesis and, in fact, justifies his holistic conception of art. His musical poetics and his incursions into the professional environment of music reveal an ambivalent exchange between them that justifies the comparative and multidisciplinary nature of this study.
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Ismaël Chataigné. Literature and music in José Manuel Caballero Bonald's works.. Literature. Universidad de Sevilla (Espagne), 2017. Español. ⟨NNT : 2017GREAL040⟩. ⟨tel-01998260⟩

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