Configuración del maltrato en la relación profesor-estudiante

Abstract : This study is an effort to understand various manifestations of teachers violence against students, which leaves a negative impact on their scope of emotional feelings, academic achivements and social environment for both students and teachers, whom often are affected by the violent respons they receive from their own students. The purpose is also to analyse the unfavourable effects of this type of relationship on the school environment that translates into various forms of conflict, not only between teachers and students, but preceptors and many times includes school administration. In addition, the study seeks to recognize the implications that this problem has on the school and the education system itself, which often feels powerless due to the complexity of this expression of school violence in which it is the teachers and the school itself that are the perpetrators.This work uses methodological tools from the sociology of Pierre Bourdieu in order to obtain a greater approach in the academic field. Hence it mediates the power through which the school authority is exercised on the relationship between teachers and students. Moreover, school violence and bullying are approached from a socio-educational perspective that provides fundamental elements for their understanding and explanation.In order to achieve the objectives set foward, the research uses a qualitative methodology, the Participation Action Research - IAP approach and the Social Education Nuclei -NES model. The participating population was made up of students, teachers, directors and parents of three public schools in the city of Bogotá from three different locations. In-depth interviews were used to work with teachers, students, and school administration. Focus groups were held with parents and 3 NES were conducted with students in 24 work sessions lasting approximately 4 months.In conclusion, the research showed that physical and emotional punishment continue to be part of the practices of teachers and this is shaped by the unequal distribution of the city that determines the positions of students and teachers in the school field. Moreover, it is an ongoing struggle to maintain power and authority in school that demands new practices and forms of relationship that respond to the realities of contemporary society.
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Giovanny Castañeda Rojas. Configuración del maltrato en la relación profesor-estudiante. Education. Université Côte d'Azur; Universidad Distrital Francisco José De Caldas (Bogotá, República de Colombia). Facultad de Educación, 2018. Español. ⟨NNT : 2018AZUR2017⟩. ⟨tel-01996699⟩

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