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Cross-phase modulation effects in normal dispersive fibers and their applications

Abstract : In this Ph.D., physical effects arising from cross-phase modulation between twoorthogonally polarized signals propagating in normal dispersion fibers arestudied and some of their applications investigated.First, a 40-GHz pulse generator is designed by sending two orthogonallypolarized out-of-phase sinusoidal waves in a normally dispersive optical fiber.A large power imbalance between the two waves induces a periodic phasepotential for the weak replica which turns the normal dispersive defocusingregime into a focusing dynamics, thus compressing the sinusoidal wave intoshort and well-separated pulses.A signal sampler and magnifier was then designed using the same principle,sending a high power high frequency sinusoidal pump on one axis ofpolarization, orthogonally to a long arbitrary shaped pulse with low power. Wethen report a 40-GHz sampling as well as a magnification factor up to 4.We then report the first observation of polarization domain walls in normaldispersion fibers by first transmitting anticorrelated orthogonally polarizedperiodic signals in a 10-km long fiber, and then encoding the word 'PETAL' asASCII on the light waves and transmitting the signal in 2x25km fibers. Theinformation encoded was properly decoded after propagation.Spontaneous apparition of such polarization domain walls was then studied byobserving a polarization segregation process of two incoherent and uncorrelatedsignal. A thermodynamic approach was then used to explain the observedbehaviour. The origin of those domain walls, which was theoretically relatedto isotropic polarization modulation instability, was then investigated.Injecting high power pulses in short segments of very low birefringence fibers,we were able to observe the growth of the theoretical bands in a up to200m-long fibers, and highlight their extinction for longer strands, while newand unexplained side-bands appeared. Finally, an extension to the Manakovmodel is explicited taking into account the manufacturing process for thefibers used in the previous experiments.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01996507
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Submitted on : Monday, January 28, 2019 - 2:27:26 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01996507, version 1

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Marin Gilles. Cross-phase modulation effects in normal dispersive fibers and their applications. Optics [physics.optics]. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018UBFCK036⟩. ⟨tel-01996507⟩

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