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Theses

Intégration économique, investissement direct étranger et compétitivité du Cambodge

Abstract : This thesis discusses the essential parts of Cambodia’s economy, in which trade, foreign direct investment, and tourism are the main research questions. It shows that the three sectors are the key components for economic development and the sources of welfare and prosperity for the country. We mainly use empirical approaches to investigate the problem that is raised. We also take advantage of recent theoretical advances in the area of research to complement the formulation of empirical models and to interpret and describe the significance of our findings in light of what theories have already proposed. The analysis of export patterns reveals that Cambodia has the large comparative advantages in agricultural, textile and footwear products. Further analysis using gravity models shows that foreign direct investment, logistics, and quality of regulation promote exports, while tariffs and distance with importing countries are barriers to international exports of goods. The study on the determinants of foreign direct investment using a static and dynamic panel data analysis reveals that the inflows of foreign direct investment are not influenced by local attractiveness factors such as market size or quality of public governance. In contrary, factors like bilateral trade and membership of the World Trade Organisation have attracted more foreign investments. We also found that trade and tourism have a complementary effect in the sense that tourist arrivals promote trade and vice versa. The outcomes of the four chapters in this thesis reveal notable and complementary effects between the three main sectors in Cambodia’s economy. Accordingly, an increase in exports encourages more inflows of foreign direct investment and tourist visits. The reciprocal effects are also confirmed in the sense that foreign direct investment and international tourist arrivals encourage bilateral trade.
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Sopheak Srun. Intégration économique, investissement direct étranger et compétitivité du Cambodge. Economies et finances. Université de Toulon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018TOUL2002⟩. ⟨tel-01992017⟩

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