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Du "care" à l' "agency" : l'engagement associatif des femmes d'Afrique subsaharienne dans la lutte contre le VIH/sida en France

Abstract : The French associative landscape against HIV/AIDS sees at the end of the 1990s the emergence of a set of immigrant organizations, especially led by persons born in sub-Saharan Africa. Heavily affected by the epidemic and long forgotten by the programs to combat the epidemic, immigrant women became a priority target of the health authorities and now occupy a particular position within immigrant organizations. The objective of this thesis is to shed light on the specific role played by women born in sub-Saharan Africa in the fight against HIV/AIDS in France and to analyze the consequences of such an associative commitment on various spheres of their lives. A socio-ethnographic survey was conducted in the Ile-de-France region, between 2011 and 2013, from the observation of the daily lives, actions and events of six organizations. Eighty-six interviews were conducted among women met in twelve organizations, in order to reconstruct their biographical trajectory, and among doctors and hospital social workers in order to seize their representations of these associative players. Theories of care and agency form the analytical framework emerging from the empirical materials. The survey shows that the associative projects led by women born in sub-Saharan Africa respond sensitively to the needs of the most vulnerable immigrants but also to the needs of the social and health professionals. Predominantly female, these groups fit into an associative grammar of care based on self-support and the meeting between two profiles: the female users in a liminal position and the caregivers with diverse resources. The female users draw on these spaces the necessary supports to get out of the liminal status, while the caregivers develop a field expertise which allows them to fit into HIV/AIDS policies and professional spheres. The analyses point out the agency process of the women engaged within these organizations. The female users negotiate the mode of their social integration in France tactically resorting to the associations they frequent. The caregivers rely on the fight against HIV/AIDS to exceed the position traditionally assigned to immigrants in France and to have access to the public space. Furthermore, the specific positioning of women within immigrant organizations offers them a special opportunity to strategically appropriate the gender norms integrated over their socialization. However, HIV/AIDS social issues linked to the social position of women in the migration context hamper the different voice/way which seems to be open to them in the fight against the epidemic in France.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 23, 2019 - 11:17:21 AM
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Marjorie Gerbier-Aublanc. Du "care" à l' "agency" : l'engagement associatif des femmes d'Afrique subsaharienne dans la lutte contre le VIH/sida en France. Sociologie. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016USPCB177⟩. ⟨tel-01990564⟩



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