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Epitaxie van der Waals de GaN sur graphène pour des applications en photonique

Abstract : Due to its outstanding physical properties, GaN is a very attractive material to conceive photonic devices. However its synthesis is very complex and remains an obstacle to its use. For now, heteroepitaxy is the most used technique but the lack of crystalline substrates with properties close to those of GaN leads to the growth of highly defective epitaxial thin films. Although GaN based devices are already functional, an increase in the crystalline quality of the material will improve their performances.Van derWaals (VdW) epitaxy is an alternative that differs from classical epitaxy by the nature of the interaction at the interface between the substrate and the deposited material. The former is then no longer governed by strong forces (covalent bonds, ionic bonds, etc) but by weak forces of VdW type. VdW heteroepitaxy, which might allow a compliant growth interface, thus appears as a beneficial alternative to improve the cristalline quality of the epitaxial layers. This thesis proposes to explore in detail the feasability of the VdW epitaxy in the particular case of the growth of GaN on graphene by MOVPE.The use of a new type of surface with a very low surface energy, to support the GaN epitaxy requires the developpement of a new growth strategy. In this work, a three step process was set up for the nucleation of GaN on graphene. The resultant micronic GaN crystals exhibit high crystalline quality, being free of stress and having a unique cristallographic orientation. An epitaxial relationship can thus be implemented through a weak interface that turns out to be compliant. The feasibility of the VdW epitaxy as well as its advantages is demonstrated experimentally. Specifically, we have highlighted the role of the substrate underlying graphene in the epitaxial relationship - in particular its polar character seems required for a remote epitaxial relationship to exist through the graphene.This study allowed to highlight the full potential of the VdW epitaxy of 3D materials on 2D, to identify some limitations and also to demonstrate the possibilities opened by the formation of new 3D / 2D interfaces.
Keywords : Graphène Movpe
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 23, 2019 - 11:03:25 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01990542, version 1




Timotée Journot. Epitaxie van der Waals de GaN sur graphène pour des applications en photonique. Matériaux. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAI078⟩. ⟨tel-01990542⟩



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