Songes, apparitions et images mentales : les influences de la doctorine épicurienne sur l'Enéide de Virgile

Abstract : This thesis aims to highlight links between the epicurean philosophy and Vergil’s epic. If the relations between Epicurus’ philosophy and Vergil’s work have been widely discussed, the highlighted interconnections and links mainly deal with his early works, ie. Georgics and Bucolics. On the other hand, it is possible to note that in Aeneas’ epic the footprint of epicureanism are often put on a second plan.Both as in Vergil and in Lucretius and the Epicureans, the topic dealing with the vision and the dream has an important status.This study aims to demonstrate the way the literary interpretation of the differents episodes of dreams and apparitions, that punctuate Vergil’s epic, is a mirror of the epicurean considerations that took part in the philosophical background of the young poet. The way he deals with the subject of the dreams and the apparitions through a codified epic story is compared with Epicurus’ writings and more specifically with Lucretius’ De rerum natura. Epistemological questions linked with the epicureanism, as well an analysis of the vocabulary refering to images and dreams are the main point of the study.through the epicureanism, limited to the texts dealing with dreams and apparitions, the analysis of Vergil’s verses thanks to Lucretius’ work allows us to highlight affinities in terms of the lexicon as well as the topics covered.The marks of an epicurean influence in Vergil’s epic are, as the dreams and the apparitions, of a tenuous essence, but if we look at this carefully, they are nevertheless neither intangible nor elusive.
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Anaïs Monchy. Songes, apparitions et images mentales : les influences de la doctorine épicurienne sur l'Enéide de Virgile. Linguistique. Normandie Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NORMR082⟩. ⟨tel-01990395⟩

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