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Eulerian modeling and simulation of two-phase flows in solid rocket motors taking into account size polydispersion and droplet trajectory crossing

Abstract : The massive amount of aluminum oxide particles carried in the internal flow of solid rocket motors significantly influences their behavior.The objective of this PhD thesis is to improve the two-phase flow Eulerian models available in the semi-industrial CFD code for energeticsCEDRE at ONERA by introducing the possibility of a local velocity dispersion in addition to the size dispersion already taken into accountin the code, while keeping the well-posed characteristics of the system of equations. Such a new feature enables the model to treat anisotropicparticle trajectory crossings, which is a key issue of Eulerian models for droplets of moderately large inertia.In addition to the design and detailed analysis of a class of models based on moment methods, the conducted work focuses on the resolution ofthe system of equations for industrial configurations. To do so, a new class of accurate and realizable numerical schemes for the transport ofthe particles in both the physical and the phase space is proposed. It ensures the robustness of the simulation despite the presence of varioussingularities (including shocks, -shocks, zero pressure area and vacuum...), while keeping a second order accuracy for regular solutions. Thesedevelopments are conducted in two and three dimensions, including the two dimensional axisymmetric framework, in the context of generalunstructured meshes.The ability of the numerical schemes to maintain a high level of accuracy in any condition is a key aspect in an industrial simulation of theinternal flow of solid rocket motors. In order to assess this, the in-house code SIERRA, originally designed at ONERA in the 90’s for solidrocket simulation purpose, has been rewritten, restructured and augmented in order to compare two generations of models and numericalschemes, to provide a basis for the integration of the features developed in CEDRE. The obtained results assess the efficiency of the chosennumerical strategy and confirm the need to introduce a new specific boundary condition in the context of axisymmetric simulations. Inparticular, it is shown that the model and numerical scheme can have an impact in the context of the simulation of the internal flow ofsolid rocket motors and their instabilities. Through our approach, the shed light on the links between fundamental aspects of modeling andnumerical schemes and their consequences on the applications.
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Valentin Dupif. Eulerian modeling and simulation of two-phase flows in solid rocket motors taking into account size polydispersion and droplet trajectory crossing. Numerical Analysis [math.NA]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLC050⟩. ⟨tel-01989050⟩

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