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Role of oxidative and energy metabolism in skin aging and UV-B induced carcinogenesis

Abstract : Objective of the present research study was investigating the role of oxidative and energy metabolism in skin aging and UVB-induced skin cancer. In the first part, we aimed to find the link between genetic instability, ROS generation and metabolism alteration in the process of aging. The obtained results on XPC KO mice model demonstrated that excess of oxidative stress in addition to alterations in energy metabolism due to over activation of NOX1 play a causative role in premature skin aging. Topical application of novel NOX inhibitor prevented the premature aging in XPC KO mice through inhibition of ROS generation and alteration of energy metabolism. Our results suggest that the InhNOX can be considered as a promising target in prevention of premature aging and NOX-associated diseases. Little information is available on the contribution of energy metabolism reprogramming in cancer initiation and promotion. To assess the role of metabolic reprogramming in different phases of carcinogenesis, in the second part of my thesis we employed a multistage model of ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation-induced skin cancer. We showed that chronic UVB irradiation results in decreased glycolysis, TCA cycle and fatty acid β-oxidation while at the same time mitochondrial ATP synthesis and a part of the electron transport chain (ETC) are upregulated. Increased ETC was further found to be related to the over-activation of dihyroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH). Decreased activity of DHODH or ETC (chemically or genetically) led to hypersensitivity to UVB irradiation. Our results indicated that DHODH pathway through induction of ETC and ATP synthesis represents the relation between DNA repair efficiency and metabolism reprogramming during UVB-induced carcinogenesis.
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Seyed Mohsen Hosseini. Role of oxidative and energy metabolism in skin aging and UV-B induced carcinogenesis. Dermatology. Université de Bordeaux, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015BORD0117⟩. ⟨tel-01988753⟩

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