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Identification des bases génétiques des malformations anévrysmales de la veine de Galien

Abstract : Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAM) is one of the most common fetal brain vascular malformations. We conducted whole exome sequencing in 19 unrelated VGAM patients and subsequently screened candidate gene in a cohort of 32 additional patients. We found 5 affected individuals with heterozygous mutations in EPHB4 including de novo frameshift or inherited deleterious splice or missense mutations predicted to be pathogenic by in silico tools. Knockdown of EPHB4 in zebrafish embryos leads to specific anomalies of dorsal cranial vessels including dorsal longitudinal vein, the ortholog of the median prosencephalic vein, the embryonic precursor of the vein of Galen. This model allowed todemonstrate EPHB4 loss of function mutations in VGAM by the ability to rescue the brain vascular defect in knockdown zebrafish co-injected with wild type but not truncated EPHB4 mimicking the frameshift mutation. Our data showed that in both species, loss of function mutations of EPHB4 result in specific and similar brain vascular development anomaliesThe identification of EPHB4 pathogenic mutation in patients presenting capillary malformation or VGAM should lead to careful follow up of pregnancy of carriers for early detection of VGAM in order to propose optimal neonatal care. Endovascular embolization indeed greatly improved the prognosis of VGAM patients.
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Alexandre Vivanti. Identification des bases génétiques des malformations anévrysmales de la veine de Galien. Génétique humaine. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS568⟩. ⟨tel-01988414⟩

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