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L’engagement psychologique des adultes en formation professionnelle au Burkina Faso : influences des motivations de formation, des motivations de carrière, des perceptions de soutiens et d’autonomie

Abstract : This doctoral thesis base on the three-dimensional model of the optimal psychology commitment (Brault-Labbé et al., 2008, 2009, 2010), applied to adults in continuing education in Burkina Faso. It aims to explore the influence of training motivation (Fenouillet et al., 2015), carrer motivation (London, 1983), perceived social supports (Zimet et al.,1988), perceived organizational supports (Eisenberger et al., 1986), and the perception of autonomy (Vallerand et al., 1997).The first qualitative study is based on data from twenty-seven (27) semi-structured interviews whose corpus is subjected to automatic content processing using the Alceste software. The interview focused on the existence of differentiated classes of "lexical universes" relating to the psychological commitment and to the explanatory variables of this research. The hypothesis supporting the existence of differentiated lexical contents is invalidated. In this research, unlike the original three-dimensional model (Brault-Labbé et al., 2008, 2009, 2010), the construct of optimal psychological commitment is one-dimensional.The second quantitative study is conducted, in the final phase, using data from three hundred and seventy-one (371) questionnaires from the six scales of this research. Exploratory and confirmatory analyzes supported by cross-cultural adaptation of the tools were carried out according to five of the seven recommended steps of Vallerand (1989).The question was what training and career motivations motivate adults in their psychological commitment to training on the one hand? and on the other hand, what perceptions do they have of social and organizational supports, as well as their perception of autonomy in this commitment?The results confirm, on the one hand, the hypothesis of the existence of positive and significant correlations between the optimal psychological commitment to training and the explanatory variables. Likewise, it is the career motivations, perceived social supports, and the perception of autonomy that account for one-dimensional psychological commitment.This result shows, contrary to the original three-dimensional model (Brault-Labbé et al., 2008, 2009, 2010), that optimal psychological commitment is a one-dimensional construct with affective, cognitive and behavioural content.Keywords: Burkina Faso, psychological commitment, Alceste software, career motivations, training motivations, perception of autonomy, perceived support.
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Brahima Zio. L’engagement psychologique des adultes en formation professionnelle au Burkina Faso : influences des motivations de formation, des motivations de carrière, des perceptions de soutiens et d’autonomie. Psychologie. Conservatoire national des arts et metiers - CNAM, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018CNAM1198⟩. ⟨tel-01986515⟩

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