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A replay driven model of spatial sequence learning in the hippocampus-prefrontal cortex network using reservoir computing

Abstract : As rats learn to search for multiple sources of food or water in a complex environment, processes of spatial sequence learning and recall in the hippocampus (HC) and prefrontal cortex (PFC) are taking place. Recent studies (De Jong et al. 2011; Carr, Jadhav, and Frank 2011) show that spatial navigation in the rat hippocampus involves the replay of place-cell firing during awake and sleep states generating small contiguous subsequences of spatially related place-cell activations that we will call "snippets". These "snippets" occur primarily during sharp-wave-ripple (SPWR) events. Much attention has been paid to replay during sleep in the context of long-term memory consolidation. Here we focus on the role of replay during the awake state, as the animal is learning across multiple trials.We hypothesize that these "snippets" can be used by the PFC to achieve multi-goal spatial sequence learning.We propose to develop an integrated model of HC and PFC that is able to form place-cell activation sequences based on snippet replay. The proposed collaborative research will extend existing spatial cognition model for simpler goal-oriented tasks (Barrera and Weitzenfeld 2008; Barrera et al. 2015) with a new replay-driven model for memory formation in the hippocampus and spatial sequence learning and recall in PFC.In contrast to existing work on sequence learning that relies heavily on sophisticated learning algorithms and synaptic modification rules, we propose to use an alternative computational framework known as reservoir computing (Dominey 1995) in which large pools of prewired neural elements process information dynamically through reverberations. This reservoir computational model will consolidate snippets into larger place-cell activation sequences that may be later recalled by subsets of the original sequences.The proposed work is expected to generate a new understanding of the role of replay in memory acquisition in complex tasks such as sequence learning. That operational understanding will be leveraged and tested on a an embodied-cognitive real-time framework of a robot, related to the animat paradigm (Wilson 1991) [etc...]
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Nicolas Cazin. A replay driven model of spatial sequence learning in the hippocampus-prefrontal cortex network using reservoir computing. Neuroscience. Université de Lyon, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE1133⟩. ⟨tel-01986362⟩

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