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, Table des matières

. .. Remerciements,

. .. Partie-i-:,

. , Les contextes d'étude des obsidiennes

. , Chapitre 1-Contexte des études de provenance de l'obsidienne au Proche­Orient

. , 15 1. Les études de provenance de l'obsidienne ou obsidian sourcing

L. 'anatolie-orientale-une-région-clé-dans-l'obsidian-sourcing and .. .. , 19 2.1. L'Anatolie, une région carrefour de 3 continents, Les transferts d'obsidienne : du volcan aux sites archéologiques

. , 1.2. Origine et formation des pantellerites et des comendites, L'obsidienne : propriétés chimiques, physiques et utilisations

. , Signature chimique du volcan et variabilité chimique de l'affleurement

. , 3.2. Dynamique d'écoulement et figures de déformation, Modes de formation des affleurements d'obsidienne et déformations

. .. Un-matériau-façonnable, Utilisations et signification symbolique de l'obsidienne

. .. Conclusion,

. , Contexte géodynamique et volcanologique de l'Anatolie orientale, vol.2

. , et formation des paysages hérités depuis le Miocène

. , Un soulèvement rapide et homogène à l'échelle des temps géologiques

.. .. Origines, 2. Les différents modèles expliquant le volcanisme est-anatolien

. , Les centres volcaniques Néogène et Quaternaire des quatre régions volcaniques de cette étude

. .. Compressif, 35 3.1.1. Situation géodynamique de la région nord du lac de Van, Les complexes volcaniques en situation de régime tectonique

. , 2.1. Le segment du Göynük et le volcanisme dôméen d'Alatepe, Les centres volcaniques associés au régime tectonique décrochant

. , La tectonique : une mobilité des paysages à grande échelle, Evolution du paysage : les facteurs morphogènes

L. and .. .. ,

. .. Conclusion,

P. , , p.44

. , Analyses à partir du terrain : typologie des affleurements d'obsidienne, Chapitre, vol.3

. .. Conclusion,

. , Analyse élémentaire des obsidiennes par LA­ICP­MS, vol.4

. .. Conclusion,

. , Chapitre 5 : Analyses pétrologiques et minéralogiques

.. .. Les-caractères-pétrologiques-observés,

.. .. Les,

. , Détermination minéralogique par microsonde et analyse sur les verres

.. .. But-de-la-méthode,

.. .. Protocole,

. .. Conclusion,

. , Chapitre 6 : Les outils numériques

. .. Conclusion,

. , Chapitre

. .. Conclusion,

. .. Partie-iii-:,

. , Résultats et interprétations par régions volcaniques : du complexe volcanique à l'échantillon

. Chapitre-8-­-le-complexe-volcanique-du-meydan and .. .. Focus-sur-le-dôme-du-gürgürbaba,

. , 81 2.1. Les affleurements en banc du flanc ouest (secteur A)

C. ). , 84 3. Caractéristiques physiques des obsidiennes du Gürgürbaba et mode de mise en place

. .. Meydan-gürgürbaba, Les microfaciès des obsidiennes du

.. .. Mode-de-mise-en-place,

.. .. Le-rhéomorphisme,

. , Signature

.. .. Diagramme,

. , Datation absolue par la méthode 40 Ar/ 39 Ar

. .. Conclusion,

.. .. Chapitre-9-­-le-complexe-volcanique-du-nemrut,

. , du Mont Nemrut et occurrence des obsidiennes : état de l'art

. , 110 2.1.2. Les affleurements d'obsidienne localisés à l'intérieur de la caldera

. Faciès-macroscopique and . Microscopique,

.. .. Faciès-macroscopique,

L. and .. .. , Assemblage minéralogique d'un ensemble d'obsidienne donné pour les différents affleurements

L. 'originalité-des-obsidiennes-de-s?caksu and .. .. ,

L. Obsidiennes and .. .. Du-nemrut, Chronologie relative de mise en place des formations à obsidienne

. .. Conclusion,

. , Chapitre 10 ­ Les montagnes de Solhan dans la province volcanique de Bingöl

. .. Origine-du-magma,

.. .. ,

. .. Faciès-des-obsidiennes,

. .. Minéralogie-des-obsidiennes,

.. .. Mise-en-place-des-affleurements-d'obsidienne,

. , Caractéristiques chimiques

. , Relation chimique entre affleurements primaire et secondaire

. .. Conclusion,

. , Chapitre 11-Le massif d'Alatepe dans la région volcanique de Bingöl

. , Pétrologie des obsidiennes : étude en lame mince

.. .. Datations-des-obsidiennes-par-la-méthode-ar/ar,

.. .. Mise-en-place-des-affleurements-d'obsidienne,

. , Caractéristiques chimiques des obsidiennes d'Alatepe

. .. Spidergramme, Discrimination des évents en fonction de leur signature chimique

. .. Conclusion,

. .. Partie-iv-:,

. , Discussion sur l'attribution d'un jeu d'artefacts aux gisements des quatre complexes volcaniques et modalités de mise en place de ces gisements

. , Chapitre 12-Attribution d'un set d'artefacts aux gisements des quatre complexes volcaniques étudiés

. , 179 1. Hypothèses sur les gisements à partir d'une approche intégrée terrain/laboratoire

. Le-jeu-de,

. , La comparaison avec des diagrammes binaires : exemple des artefacts attribués au Nemrut, p.192

. .. La-comparaison-multivariée,

. , Diffusion des obsidiennes extraites des quatre complexes volcaniques étudiés vers les sites archéologiques du jeu d'artefacts

. , Discussion sur la méthode d'attribution et apport de l'approche intégrée

. .. Conclusion,

. , Chapitre 13-Contexte d'affleurement et caractéristiques des obsidiennes : des indices pour la compréhension des modes de mise

. , 203 1. Types de gisement exploitable et reconstitution des modes de mise en place

. , 2.1. La teneur en volatil et le style éruptif

L. and .. .. ,

. .. Conclusion,

.. .. Conclusion-générale,

. .. Bibliographie,

, Orléans) pour les affleurements primaires des quatre régions volcaniques d'étude, oxydes en % et éléments traces en ppm des artefacts en obsidienne. La synthèse dirigée par Cauvin et al., (1998) suggère, pour le Proche­Orient, deux grandes régions d, Moyenne et écart-type standart des analyse géochimique par LA-ICP-MS (IRAMAT, vol.1

, Or, pour des raisons internes de la Turquie dans les années 1980­1990, peu de données de terrain ont pu être rassemblées sur les sources d'Anatolie orientale. Pourtant, les comparaisons entre affleurements repérés et prélevés avant les années 1980 montrent clairement l'importance de la région pour les études de provenance d'obsidienne

, IDEES) se concentre sur quatre régions volcaniques d'Anatolie orientale : le Meydan­Gürgürbaba, le Nemrut, et les massifs de dômes de Solhan et Alatepe. Ce travail de recherche a exploré : 1) l'identification et la caractérisation de plusieurs gisements

. Chalcolithic-;-cauvin, enhances: 1) the identification of obsidian outcrops 2) the discrimination of these outcrops according to their characteristics (accessibility and types), 3) the characterization of obsidian glass, and consecutive reconstruction of their emplacement modes, Lithic assemblages in archaeological sites in the Near East contain indeed obsidian artefacts. As there is no volcano emplaced south of the Eastern Anatolian highlands, the nearest volcanic areas with obsidian outcrops that would attract near­eastern populations are located in Central and Eastern Anatolia, 1998.