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Esclaves, dépendants, deportés : les frontières de l'esclavage en Babylonie au premier millénaire avant J.-C.

Abstract : Several modes of production exist in first millennium BCE Babylonia (modem Iraq): wage-labour, slavery, different forms of dependency. My thesis is mainly focused on the study of the status and the activities of slaves and temple dependants, with the addition of Judean and West Semite deportees, forced by the neo-Babylonian to live and work in Mesopotamia after the conquest of Syria-Palestine. These three social groups have been analysed as different forms of slavery in the historiography. My aim is for a precise study of their economic activities, their part in several economic sectors (agriculture, trade, craftsmanship, building) in rural and urban context. I try to put this in contrast with the available legal documentation. Therefore, I try to show the theoretical boundaries of the statuses of slaves, dependants and deportees and how their legal analysis isn't sufficient. My dissertation aims for revealing the hierarchies present inside those three groups of labourers and the social dynamics at play. The making of a class of intermediary workers (slave agents, dependants having an administrative position, deportees investing capital ... ) is an important historical fact needing an analysis. Are there possibilities for social mobility and emancipation in their favour in first millennium BCE Babylonia? Answering this is one objective of my study, grounded in the perspective of an history of labour.
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Benjamin Dromard. Esclaves, dépendants, deportés : les frontières de l'esclavage en Babylonie au premier millénaire avant J.-C.. Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PA01H071⟩. ⟨tel-01984602⟩

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