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Theses

Penser le corps, sa puissance et sa destinée chez Spinoza : aux sources de son anthropologie

Abstract : Spinoza assesses the Copernican revolution and advocates a rationalist and materialistic naturalismagainst the onto-theological tradition, Aristotle and Descartes as the two main figures thereof,theologians and the Bible not to mention. Spinoza interprets the error of geocentrism as indicating twoother errors: classical anthropological dualism which subjugated the body to the soul and the illusion offree-will. By gnoseological, psychophysical and socio-emotional rehabilitation of the body, he claims tolead man to present salvation, not eschatological, reconciling him with himself and with God as Nature.The permanence of Hebraic anthropological sensibility is pregnant, which does not cancel metaphysical,soteriological and ethical disparities between him and the Bible. These disparities could bring Spinozacloser to Aristotle than to Descartes. Will the spinozian project keep its promises without relapsing intothe traps of the mythical and the mystical ?
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Julius Brown. Penser le corps, sa puissance et sa destinée chez Spinoza : aux sources de son anthropologie. Religions. Université de Strasbourg, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015STRAK012⟩. ⟨tel-01982798⟩

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