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« Yes, I’m a Witch » – 1967-1976 : À l’intersection des musiques populaires et de la seconde vague féministe américaine

Abstract : The punk movement has often been considered the first in American popular music to include a feminist message. However, this dissertation aims at demonstrating that such a message already existed in popular music between 1967 and 1976, as many female singers and musicians took inspiration from the second-wave feminist movement or actively participated in it. This study focuses in particular on the musical careers of Nina Simone, Yoko Ono, Betty Davis and Janis Joplin, and analyses their albums and covers, their concerts and their posters, or interviews given by artists.This work first sheds light on the direct involvement of female singers and musicians in the American second-wave feminist movement. It analyzes the complex dynamics between a movement that has regularly been accused of racism and classism, and artists who linked their career with an involvement in the social movements of their time. The way they dealt with the music industry, the press, and fans is another aspect of their feminist approach. The artists’ image then constitutes a key source of struggles, and these women managed to utilize the feminist figure of the witch to empower themselves by claiming their otherness in the public and private spheres.
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Robin Benzrihem. « Yes, I’m a Witch » – 1967-1976 : À l’intersection des musiques populaires et de la seconde vague féministe américaine. Littératures. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018MON30018⟩. ⟨tel-01981878⟩

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