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Clifford index and gonality of curves on special K3 surfaces

Abstract : We study the properties of algebraic curves lying on special K3 surfaces, from the viewpoint of Brill-Noether theory.Lazarsfeld's proof of the Gieseker-Petri theorem has revealed the importance of the Brill-Noether theory of curves which admit an embedding in a K3 surface. We give a proof of this classical result, inspired by the ideas of Pareschi. We then describe the theorem of Green and Lazarsfeld, a key result for our work, which establishes the behaviour of the Clifford index of curves on K3 surfaces.Watanabe showed that the Clifford index of curves lying on certain special K3 surfaces, realizable as a double covering of a smooth del Pezzo surface, can be determined by a direct use of the non-simplectic involution carried by these surfaces. We study a similar situation for some K3 surfaces having a Picard lattice isomorphic to U(m), with m>0 any integer. We show that the gonality and the Clifford index of all smooth curves on these surfaces, with a single, explicitly determined exception, are obtained by restriction of the elliptic fibrations of the surface. This work is based on the following article:M. Ramponi, Gonality and Clifford index of curves on elliptic K3 surfaces with Picard number two, Archiv der Mathematik, 106(4), p. 355-362, 2016.Knutsen and Lopez have studied in detail the Brill-Noether theory of curves lying on Enriques surfaces. Applying their results, we are able to determine and compute the gonality and Clifford index of any smooth curve lying on the general K3 surface which is the universal covering of an Enriques surface. This work is based on the following article:M. Ramponi, Special divisors on curves on K3 surfaces carrying an Enriques involution, Manuscripta Mathematica, 153(1), p. 315-322, 2017.
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Marco Ramponi. Clifford index and gonality of curves on special K3 surfaces. Algebraic Geometry [math.AG]. Université de Poitiers, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017POIT2317⟩. ⟨tel-01981485⟩

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