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Application de la volatolomique à la recherche de marqueurs d’exposition aux micropolluants dans le foie, le plasma et le tissu adipeux

Abstract : The present study proposes to examine the relevance of liver, plasma and adipose tissue volatolomics to detect volatile organic compound (VOC) markers of animal exposure to micropollutants. Methodological developments were first carried to solve two main limits to the application of volatolomics. A first part of this methodological development enabled the determination of the efficient, accurate and reproducible solid phase microextraction conditions for the analysis of the volatolome in complex biological matrices. Then, a comparison of three unsupervised chemometric methods - Principal Components Analysis (PCA), Independent Components Analysis (ICA) and Common Components Analysis (CCA) - highlighted the potential of CCA for the determination of volatolomic differences in VOC profiles and for the identification of candidate VOC markers for each contamination.Based on these methodological developments, the second part of this work studied the potential of liver, plasma and adipose tissue volatolomics to back-trace animal exposure to different types of micropolluants. These results confirmed the relevance of the volatolomic analysis of the liver and showed that the plasma could also of interest, opening the way to in vivo controls of animal exposure to micropollutants. Moreover, the results demonstrated the complementarity of the biological matrices. The informative potential of the volatolome analysis of adipose tissue is much more limited, as the study did not lead to the identification of any marker of exposure. If the robustness of these candidate markers is validated by further studies, these results pave the way for the diagnosis of animal exposure to micropollutants in slaughterhouse and during animal breeding.
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Jihéne Bouhlel. Application de la volatolomique à la recherche de marqueurs d’exposition aux micropolluants dans le foie, le plasma et le tissu adipeux. Chimie analytique. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLA026⟩. ⟨tel-01980862⟩

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