In vitro study of the structure / function relationship of the proteins GASP-1 and GASP-2 : Involvement of the second Kunitz domain in the functional duality of the GASP proteins

Abstract : Skeletal muscles, responsible for voluntary movements such as locomotion or posture maintenance, represent about 40% of body mass. This muscle mass is maintened by several signaling pathways that regulate , among other things, the balance between synthesis and degradation of myofibrillar proteins. By targeting the Akt/mTOR pathway, myostatin is anegative regulator of myogenesis. It inhibits myogenic differentiation and cell turnover. Among the various endogenous molecular factors that regulate myostatin, proteins GASP (Growth and differentiation factor Associated Serum Protein) have been described as antagonists of its activity. The Animal Genetics Unit has developed several strategies to understand themolecular mechanisms that govern the role (s) of GASP proteins during muscle development.Thus, the creation of the transgenic mouse line named surGasp-1-20 has shown that overexpression of Gasp-1 results in a hypermuscular phenotype associated with myofibril hypertrophy. An analysis of gene expression in myoblasts derived from satellite cells showed overexpression of myostatin correlating with an absence of hyperplasia in Gasp-1-20 mice.Similar studies currently underway for the protein GASP-2 should clarify its role in the muscular context. Proteins GASP are also defined as compound heterotypic inhibitors characterized by several inhibitory domains that can modulate the activity of different proteases. Among these different modules, the second Kunitz domain of GASP-2 was previously been described asable to inhibit trypsin. In this work, we have shown that the two whole proteins conserve this capacity of inhibition. However, our results indicate that GASP-1 and GASP-2 exhibit a difference in specificity due to the composition of the second Kunitz domain and not to the molecular environment present in each of the proteins. Finally, by modeling, we propose a structural model of the second Kunitz domain of GASP-1 and GASP-2 implicated in the antitrypsin inhibition specificity
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Montasir Al Mansi. In vitro study of the structure / function relationship of the proteins GASP-1 and GASP-2 : Involvement of the second Kunitz domain in the functional duality of the GASP proteins. Human health and pathology. Université de Limoges, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LIMO0064⟩. ⟨tel-01980588⟩

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