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Le processus oral, une étape clé à l’origine des propriétés sensorielles de texture et d’arôme du pain. Quels sont les rôles de sa structure et de sa déstructuration en bouche sur les dynamiques de perceptions ?

Abstract : The liking of the bread by the consumers is largely impacted by its sensory properties, and notably the aroma and texture perceived during inmouth consumption. These perceptions cannot be only explained by the volatile composition of the bread or by its structure. In fact, they also depend on dynamic phenomena, resulting from the breakdown of the bread in mouth, which depends on each individual. This PhD project aims thus to better understand the determinants linked to the product and to the individual at the origin of the dynamics of aroma and texture perceptions of bread. A multidisciplinary strategy, based on the study of the oral processing in real conditions of mastication was set up to fulfill this objective. The results show firstly that the hydration capacity and the rigidity of the crumb have a main impact on the evolution of bolus properties and texture and aroma perceptions during consumption. In this way, the higher the hydration capacity of the bread is, the more easily broken and hydrated it will be. Moreover, a bread with a rigid crumb could cause a higher release of volatile compounds susceptible to interact with the sensory olfactive receptors. In addition, two types of masticatory behavior, based on masticatory duration, were highlighted between the individuals of the study. These behaviors lead to bolus with different properties at swallowing time and at different dynamics of aroma and texture perceptions.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01980562
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Submitted on : Monday, January 14, 2019 - 3:09:11 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:39:56 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01980562, version 1

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Solenne Jourdren. Le processus oral, une étape clé à l’origine des propriétés sensorielles de texture et d’arôme du pain. Quels sont les rôles de sa structure et de sa déstructuration en bouche sur les dynamiques de perceptions ?. Génie des procédés. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLA010⟩. ⟨tel-01980562⟩

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