Synthèse de composés phénoliques de type diarylheptanoïde : évaluation de leurs propriétés antioxydantes et anti-inflammatoires

Abstract : Atherosclerosis is one of the first cause of mortality in industrialized countries. It leads to cerebrovascular accident, stroke and all of the coronary heart diseases. Two key steps induce atherosclerosis : 1) an oxidative stress leading to the low density lipoproteins oxidationand initiating atherogenesis ; 2) a self-sustained inflammatory process allowing the last steps development of atherogenesis giving the atheroma plaque formation. This pathology is silent until it appears suddenly with the consequences mentionned above. The synthetic or natural antioxidants use to fight atherosclerosis is effective in vitro but not in vivo. One the basis of these informations, one of the proposed strategies is to inhibit both oxidative stress and inflammation. Therefore, it will be interesting to design molecules with a dual activity : antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. Natural phenolic compounds are well-know for their antioxidant activities due to the phenol moiety wich is able to trap free radicals. As part of our project, we are interested in macrocyclic diaryl heptanoids wich are phenolic compounds extracted from different plants and under-exploited despite interesting biological properties. Among them, tedarene A, a natural macrocycle type cyclodecaphane, extracted in 2012 from a marine sponge, Tedania Ignis, exhibits anti-inflammatory and antioxidant property. During this Ph.D work, the fisrt total synthesis of tedarene A was carried out. The key steps involved the stereocontrolled introduction of the diene system (Z,E) not conjugated to the phenol moiety and the cyclization of the diarylheptanoid macrocycle using Ullmann conditions. Various analogs of tedarene A were also designed and prepared. Structural changes were introduced onto the heptanoid chain part of synthesized macrocycles. Tedarene A and the various synthesized linear and macrocyclic diarylheptanoid analogues were evaluated for their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities.
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Kelly Maurent. Synthèse de composés phénoliques de type diarylheptanoïde : évaluation de leurs propriétés antioxydantes et anti-inflammatoires. Chimie organique. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU30255⟩. ⟨tel-01978809⟩

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