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Simulation 3D d'une décharge couronne pointe-plan, dans l'air : calcul haute performance, algorithmes de résolution de l'équation de Poisson et analyses physiques

Abstract : This work is devoted to the three dimensional (3D) simulation of streamer corona discharges in air at atmospheric pressure using high-performance parallel computing. When a pulsed high-voltage is applied between a tip and a plane in air, the strong electric field lines constricted around the tip induce the simultaneous propagation of several streamers leading to a corona discharge with a tree structure. Only a true 3D electro-hydrodynamics simulation is able to reproduce this branching and to provide the orders of magnitude of the local deposited energy and the concentration of the species created during the discharge phase. However, such a 3D simulation which requires large computational memory and huge time calculation is nowadays accessible only when performed with massively parallel computation. In the field of 3D electro-hydrodynamics simulations, a special attention must be paid to the efficiency of solvers in solving 3D elliptic equations because their contribution can exceed 80% of the global computation time. Therefore, a specific chapter is devoted to test the performance of iterative and direct methods (such as SOR R&B, BiCGSTAB and MUMPS) in solving elliptic equations, using the massively parallel computation and the MPI library. The calculations are performed on the supercomputer EOS of the CALMIP network, with a number of computing cores and meshes increasing up to respectively 1800 and 8003 (i.e. more than 1/2 Billion meshes). The performances are compared for the calculation of the geometric potential and in a dynamic simulation conditions consisting in the propagation of an analytical space charge density characteristic of the streamers. To perform a complete 3D simulation of the streamer discharge, must also involve a robust algorithm able to solve the coupled conservation equations of the charged particle density with very sharp gradients characteristic of the streamers. In this manuscript, the MUSCL algorithm is tested under different propagation conditions of a cubic density (with uniform or non-uniform velocity field). The 3D code, designed to solve the complete electro-hydrodynamics model of the discharge (coupling the conservation equations, the Poisson equation and the chemical kinetics) is validated by comparing the 3D and 2D results in a simulation conditions presenting a rotational symmetry around the propagation axis of a mono-filamentary streamer. Finally, the first results of the 3D simulations of the discharge phase with the propagation of one or several asymmetric streamers are presented and analyzed. These simulations allow to follow the tree structure of a corona discharge when a pulsed voltage is applied between a tip and a plane. The ignition of the tree structure is studied as a function of the initial position of the plasma spots.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 11, 2019 - 4:55:08 PM
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Joseph-Marie Plewa. Simulation 3D d'une décharge couronne pointe-plan, dans l'air : calcul haute performance, algorithmes de résolution de l'équation de Poisson et analyses physiques. Astrophysique [astro-ph]. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU30184⟩. ⟨tel-01978730⟩

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