Modeling wave propagation in nonlinear solids with slow dynamics

Abstract : Geomaterials such as rocks and concrete are known to soften under a dynamic loading, i.e., the speed of sound diminishes with forcing amplitudes. To reproduce this behavior, an internal-variable model of continuum is proposed. It is composed of a constitutive law for the stress and an evolution equation for the internal variable. Nonlinear viscoelasticity of Zener type is accounted for by using additional internal variables. The equations of motion write as a nonlinear and nonhomogeneous system of conservation laws. This system of partial differential equations is solved numerically using finite-volume methods. An analytical solution to the Riemann problem of nonlinear elastodynamics is provided, which is used to benchmark the performances of the numerical methods. Numerical results are in qualitative agreement with experimental results from resonance experiments (NRUS) and dynamic acousto-elastic testing (DAET). Similar methods are developed in 2D to perform wave propagation simulations. In the framework of harmonic-based continuation methods, a numerical method is developed for the computation of periodic solutions. Based on a finite element discretization of the equations of motion, this frequency-domain method provides fast resonance simulations, which is useful to carry out experimental validations.
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Harold Berjamin. Modeling wave propagation in nonlinear solids with slow dynamics. Acoustics [physics.class-ph]. Aix-Marseille Université, 2018. English. ⟨tel-01977206⟩

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