Le clic en français parlé dans une perspective linguitique et interculturelle franco-japonaise

Abstract : The click consonant in French spontaneous discourse has never been researched in depth, but students of the French language can find this phenomen on quite daunting when communicating with native French speakers. This PhD thesis will provide a linguistic analysis of the functions and usages of the click, through the use of the ESLO (Enquête Sociolinguistique à Orléans: Socio-Linguistic Survey in Orléans) corpus as well as experimental phonetics, sociolinguistics and diachronic comparison methods. Intercultural surveys amongst French and Japanese candidates were also conducted in order to define differences inperception.This research will show that the click can be bilabial, dental or apico-alveolar. It occurs at the junction between two segments, and accompanies fillers, ligateurs (Morel and Danon-Boileau 1998) and brief pauses.It appears to be common to all native French speakers since at least forty years. Nevertheless, its frequency depends on contexts, and variations can be noted between individuals. It can perform three main roles: reflexive function, discourse organization conditioned by syntax or conative function.It is the most phonetic phenomenon in gestural behavior and the least phonetic in the spoken language. We define it as a perilexical element: a segmentation unit which is neither phonological nor lexical, but which is open to interpretation.This sound is perceived both by Japanese students of the French language who possess high affective filters, and by those who lack self-esteem when communicating in French.
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Misato Inoue-Morita. Le clic en français parlé dans une perspective linguitique et interculturelle franco-japonaise. Linguistique. Université d'Orléans, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ORLE1158⟩. ⟨tel-01976038⟩

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