Interprétation et croyance : le sens de la religion chez Ludwig Feuerbach

Abstract : Our work deals with Feuerbachian criticism of religion. We consider that criticism from an articulation between interpretation and belief. This analysis reports on various, real or imaginary (but sometime necessary) relationship that consciousness has with itself, with others and the surrounding world. That is to highlight the genetics and critical method which claims to be a hermeneutics of meaning - as direction and meaning - which aims to unveil or uncover and update the true meaning of religion, which is an anthropological (and not theological) meaning. As natural and intrinsic expression of human essence, eternal function of human mind, the structure of religious consciousness must be reinterpreted, according to Feuerbach, in order to spell the end of/sound the death knell for false religion - which is characterized by a distorted relationship to the real - and return to the true religion, the religion of Man in which the latter can be fulfilled as a free and communal being. For Feuerbach, therefore, it is not a question of suppressing or forgetting religion, but of restoring it and perhaps reinventing it. To achieve this goal, Feuerbach proposed to anthropologvically read religion - rather than religiously or theologically. For that it was necessary to move thet criticism to a secular ground/field. Disputing the value, nor the historical value of religions data, is not the objective. Feuerbach wants to restore the meaning which aligns with human reality. It is on this basis that Feuerbach proposes his philosophy of the future in relation to this new religion of man which requires a feedback to the sensible. Then we can see - from the need and the urgency to let the meaning appears through the various experiences of subject consciousness - a humanism which is both atheistic and religious. But what seems to be the paradox deserves to be analyzed as a possibility for redefinition of the concepts of atheist and religious, in such a way that it is not necessarily oxymoronic - from a general point of view, but especially Feuerbachian one - to talk about a religious atheism. It also joins the development of more current topics/contemporary thems which, more and more, value and make room for this possibility of living religion or spirituality otherwise than in connection with dogmas or codified practices. Our thesis thus intends to grasp the intention, the value, the scale of Feuerbach's thought and especially the influence he had on other philosophical thoughts.
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Mélanie Zita Dioba. Interprétation et croyance : le sens de la religion chez Ludwig Feuerbach. Philosophie. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LIL3H019⟩. ⟨tel-01975797⟩

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