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Les relations homme-animal dans le monde des vivants et des morts : études archéozoologique des établissements et des regroupements funéraires ruraux de l'Arc jurassien et de la Plaine d'Alsace : de la fin de l'Antiquité tardive au premier Moyen Age

Abstract : This archaeozoological study focuses on human-animal relations, from late antiquity (mid 3rd c.), until the end of the early Middle Ages (11th c.).It concentrates on the Jura Mountains and the plain of Alsace. These two neighboring geographic regions were communication corridors and riverine zones (Doubs, Saône, Rhône, Rhine), which belonged to different kingdoms and were inhabited by culturally distinct populations. Three inputs are used to analyze the osteological data: rural domestic contexts, rural funerary contexts, and mortality of cattle.-The first chapter presents the issue at hand, the physical, chronological and methodological data of the interregional research program (eastern France, western Switzerland, southern Germany). Chapter 2 considers 64 settlement sites and distinguishes them geographically, environmentally and socially. Approximately 146.000 bone remains for 87 taxa are assessed. Elements of synthesis are presented, regarding in particular evidence for food, livestock and hunting.-Chapter 3 considers 30 cemeteries containing animal bones. Symbolic objects, animal skeletons and grave goods are discussed and the findings are compared with other known sites within Gaul and the Germanic sphere. Chapter 4 is based on the study of cattle skeletons discovered at three different but closely situated sites. Whether these bovine graves evidence infectious disease mortality events is discussed. These burials are compared with similar cases from early medieval France and also discussed in relation to the written evidence for animal mortality events in the Middle Ages. Chapter 5 presents a general synthesis of the results of the thesis, in regards to contexts and animal categories. Appendices and lists of additional data follow.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 9, 2019 - 2:39:09 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01975632, version 1

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Olivier Putelat. Les relations homme-animal dans le monde des vivants et des morts : études archéozoologique des établissements et des regroupements funéraires ruraux de l'Arc jurassien et de la Plaine d'Alsace : de la fin de l'Antiquité tardive au premier Moyen Age. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PA010600⟩. ⟨tel-01975632⟩

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