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Dynamique hors équilibre des monopôles magnétiques dans la glace de spin

Abstract : Spin ices, such as Dy2Ti2O7 and Ho2Ti2O7, are materials exhibiting exotic magnetic properties. They were the first frustrated ferromagnetic crystalline compounds to be discovered. The frustration leads to the fractionnalisation of the spin degrees of freedom and the emergence of magnetic monopoles, whose physics is formalised in the dumbbell model. In this thesis, we study the full phase diagram of this model in analogy with theS=2 Blume-Capel model. We identify in this diagram the fragmented phase observed experimentally in Ho2Ir2O7, and we localise the critical point of the transition between the spin ice phase and the fragmented phase.In a second part, we show numerically that the dynamics of this system at thecritical point belongs to the 3D Ising university class. We use for this two tools :the Kibble-Zurek scaling law and the fluctuation-dissipation ratio. For the latter, ithas been necessary to introduce a novel method to measure response functions. Wealso emphasize that these tools are specifically interesting for spin ice materials, as the unusually long microscopic time scale (1 μs) should make it possible to experimentallyobserve out-of-equilibrium phenomena related to critical slowing down.In a third part, we use the violation of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem to characterise a strongly out-of-equilibrium regime of spin ice - a thermal quench from high to low temperature, where degrees of freedom are kinetically blocked because ofthe Coulombic attraction between the monopoles.
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Valentin Raban. Dynamique hors équilibre des monopôles magnétiques dans la glace de spin. Mécanique statistique [cond-mat.stat-mech]. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSEN052⟩. ⟨tel-01974349⟩

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