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In vitro evaluation of cell-material interactions on bioinert ceramics with novel surface modifications for enhanced osseointegration

Abstract : The focus of this PhD thesis is the in vitro evaluation of cell-material interactions on bioinert ceramics with novel surface modifications for enhanced osseointegration of orthopaedic and dental implants. Firstly, alumina-zirconia surfaces with different micro-roughnesses obtained by injection moulding were studied. The behaviour of human primary osteoblasts (hObs) obtained from patients undergoing total hip replacements was studied on the different micro-rough ZTA surfaces and on combined micro-/nano-rough surfaces modified by hydrofluoric acid treatment. Micro-roughness alone had minor effects on hOb response while the combination micro-/nano-roughness induced a synergic effect on hOb maturation. This latter surface modification technique opens the way to the fabrication of ceramic acetabular cups with direct implantation capabilities. Secondly, robocasting (a 3D printing technique) was explored for the fabrication of a alumina-zirconia macroporous structures with high reproducibility and control of the architecture. Roughness at different scales was observed for the 3D structures due to the scaffold design and to the low temperature sintering conditions. Osteoblasts were able to attach on the 3D structures but cell retention at long term needs further optimization. Rapid screening of cell-material interactions was the subject of the last part of the thesis. Two different strategies were tested on zirconia: femtosecond laser to produce multiple patterns on a single sample and samples with a roughness gradient by the control of chemical etching time. Stem cell morphology was used as an early marker of cell differentiation lineage. In conclusion, the different surface modification techniques of zirconia and alumina-zirconia surfaces used in the thesis allow the modulation of cell-material interactions by stimulating stem cells osteogenesis and osteoblast maturation.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 8, 2019 - 4:07:07 PM
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Ana-Maria Stanciuc. In vitro evaluation of cell-material interactions on bioinert ceramics with novel surface modifications for enhanced osseointegration. Materials. Université de Lyon, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSEI053⟩. ⟨tel-01974174⟩

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