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3D Printed boehmite based objects

Abstract : Direct Ink Writing is an additive manufacturing technique based on continuous layer-by-layer filament deposition. Mostly used to print porous structures, DIW of dense and strong ceramic objects remains an open challenge. However, the advantage of DIW resides in its ability to print multimaterial objects, offering the possibility to combine complex shaping to precise microstructural and functional control, from bioinspired materials, to novel composite structures.Our work focuses on using boehmite gels for DIW, an Al2O3 precursor, as a ceramic matrix to obtain different microstructures. Very small changes to the gels composition lead to completely different microstructures and hence, functional properties. By combining the microstructural versatility of boehmite gels with an understanding of rheology, we are able to print micro and macrocomposites with enhanced mechanical properties. Printing dense and strong ceramic objects starts with understanding the rheological properties that define a printable ink. Boehmite suspensions were ideal to correlate geometrical criteria with rheology and surface tension effects to provide a universal figure of merit for printability. We take advantage of the flow behavior inside DIW nozzles to align alumina platelets during printing. This provides the printed object with increased fracture toughness in the desired direction, with the ability to deviate the fracture propagation perpendicularly to the printing direction. A single object can thus be precisely designed, alternating between dense, strong layers, and directionally tough, fracture deviating layers, to combine the complexity of the shape with the tailoring of mechanical behavior
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Amin M'Barki. 3D Printed boehmite based objects. Material chemistry. Université de Lyon, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE1021⟩. ⟨tel-01973667⟩

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