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Relation chaleur d'hydratation du ciment : montée en température et contraintes générées au jeune âge du béton

Abstract : Hydration reactions of cement are exothermic. This phenomenon is especially tracked in large concrete structures because temperature gradients create mechanical stresses which can induce the development of cracks or of Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF). Nowadays, because of the wide range of concrete formulations, low 41 h hydration heat cement need not to be used. Hydration heat depends on other formulation parameters such as quantity of cement and addition use. From a mechanical point of view, the risk of cracking also depends on the development of mechanical properties. In this study, screenings of constituents and characteristics of cement and concrete are performed to determine which ones have the most influence on the thermal activity and on the heat released in massive concrete structures. Then, the effect of concrete formulation on its thermo-mechanical properties is studied. Finally, a new experimental test is developed in order to evaluate the risk of cracking. In the first chapter, a summary of knowledge on the cement hydration and its properties is presented. Experimental tests, fabrication of cement and results are then explained. Nine cements are selected for pursuing the study at the concrete level. The second chapter presents state of the art on concrete and the results obtained for 30 formulated concretes. Hydration heat and compressive strengths are measured. A mix design tool is created according to the results in order to meet the required specifications. In the third chapter, the risk of cracking at early age is assessed for nine different concretes, including concretes with a low heat of hydration. Characteristics of concrete at early age such as the evolution of the mechanical properties (dynamic and static Young’s modulus, dynamic shear modulus and Poisson ratio) are measured dynamically, thanks to ultrasonic waves, and statically, by loading cycles. Autogenous shrinkage is evaluated since setting. Finally, the risk of cracking is monitored using dual concentric rings for evaluating stress development due to restrained volume change. In the fourth chapter, BT-Ring test is modeled with CESAR - an IFSTTAR software – and compared to the experimental results
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Agathe Bourchy. Relation chaleur d'hydratation du ciment : montée en température et contraintes générées au jeune âge du béton. Matériaux. Université Paris-Est, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PESC1035⟩. ⟨tel-01972400v2⟩

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