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Gouvernance d'échelle transversale utilisant les méthodes d'évaluation multi-critères, multi-acteurs pour arbitrer les conflits environnementaux : Le cas des centrales nucléaires en Turquie

Abstract : The ecological distribution conflicts arising from the growing social metabolism of the world and the resulting expansion of the commodity frontiers pose important challenges for governance, especially when there are multiple interactions between the nature and people holding different value systems, across different scales (from local to global). The current interaction between scales seems to be defined by the jurisdictional power – a manner that is inclined to favour the international and/or national scales, which overlook the ongoing processes taking place in other scales. Such a discrepancy gives rise to a mismatch between the scales where the decisions are made and actions are undertaken, calling for a governance mechanism – one with participatory properties taking into account the different value systems and coordination mechanisms across multiple scales.At this background, this thesis argues that deliberative and participatory multi-criteria evaluation methods might open new avenues for environmental governance mechanisms for the conflicts with cross-scale interactions and aims to show the importance of a multi-scale perspective within multi-criteria framework. In an attempt to operationalize this aim, it uses the conflicted case of nuclear energy production in Turkey and assesses it at national and local scales within the context of national and global environmental justice movements. It is shown that framing a conflicted decision-making problem through multi-scale/multi-stakeholder method is helpful: i) in identifying the challenges resulting from the cross-scale interactions between stakeholders and ii) in presenting them in a transparent and comprehensible manner.
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Cem Iskender Aydin. Gouvernance d'échelle transversale utilisant les méthodes d'évaluation multi-critères, multi-acteurs pour arbitrer les conflits environnementaux : Le cas des centrales nucléaires en Turquie. Economies et finances. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLV092⟩. ⟨tel-01969567v2⟩

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