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Travail et responsabilité selon Jean Calvin, une interprétation par le devoir de lieutenance

Abstract : The thesis analyzes the way Calvin justifies a commitment without limit in work, in search of prosperity, while paradoxically condemning the quest for personal enrichment and the pursuit of one’s own interests. The duty to work is based on a duty named lieutenancy. It means that every man or women is responsible for acting as God would have done in his or her place. Goods are given to lead to prosperity as a sign of divine providence in order to constitute a just and contented society. This entails the necessity of a limitless commitment to work, a search for individual performance and social responsibility. The human being is understood as fragile and depending on others, only being able to surmount his or her fragility through a covenantal relationship with God and people. In return for this commitment, he or she finds happiness. This interpretation differs from the Calvinist ethics described by Max Weber in The Protestant Ethic and the spirit of the capitalism. It leads to assigning a high value to economic exchanges, through which a fraternal society is constructed. Justice consists in implementing equity mutually and liberality in the exchanges.
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Caroline Bauer. Travail et responsabilité selon Jean Calvin, une interprétation par le devoir de lieutenance. Economies et finances. Université de Strasbourg, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015STRAB005⟩. ⟨tel-01968043⟩

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