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Synthesis of new nanomaterials based on porphyrins and graphene for elaboration of sensitive and selective DNA biosensors

Abstract : The design and development of biosensors for direct detection of biomarkers in biological fluid sample is real challenge in research for their application in point of care system in diagnostic. My project is focus on the elaboration of a new platform for biological detaction composed of graphene which exhibits a high electroactive and specific surface suitable for grafting numerous biomoleculer with metalloporphyrins as a novel redox marker for following biological recognition process obtained in the case of DNA sensor. The concept will be to demonstrate that the metaloporphyrines where there redox potential could be controlled by the nature of metal ions could be applied in multidetection electrochemical biosensor platform. The association of metalloporphyrin with graphene will offer numerous advantages, as promoting electron transfer reaction and having a large surface for protein immobilization. The detection of target present will be performed following redox activity of the metalloporphyrins grafted on the surface. We have already synthesized various modified metalloporphyrins and characterizatized by usual spectrometry techniques such as NMR, UV and MS. The DNA biosensor has been constructed by the composite of graphene and metalloporphyrin and DNA probe as bioreceptor following covalent attachment approach and optimization of the biosensor construction for improving stability and reproducibility. And we have already done some detection of DNA Target by various electrochemical methods including cyclic voltammetry, square wave voltammetry and impedance spectroscopy. This strategy was performed firstly with on Mn inserted porphyrin and then generalized to various metal complex for multidetection approach. Meanwhile, the hybrid nanomaterials which combined the features of both graphene (high conductivity and large specific surface area) and porphyrins (physical and chemical properties and electron transfer ability), such as tetraphenylporphyrin bearing one and four carboxylic group named H₂TPP-nCP(n=1, 4) and tetraphenylporphyrin incorporating manganese (III) (MnTPP-1CP) were successfully synthesized. The interaction modes between H₂TPP-nCP(n=1, 4) and chemically reduced graphene oxide (CRGO) was studied in my thesis work. To investigate the characteristic properties of as-prepared nanomaterials, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), UV-visible spectra, Fourier Transform infrared spectra (FT-IR), X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS). In order to eliminate the non-specific absorption, the modification of the electrode by monolayer PEA was also applied and obtain excellent application for the detection of DNA target.
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Yaqiong Wang. Synthesis of new nanomaterials based on porphyrins and graphene for elaboration of sensitive and selective DNA biosensors. Chemical Physics [physics.chem-ph]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLS338⟩. ⟨tel-01967606v2⟩

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