Automatisation de la synthèse d’architectures appliquée aux aéronefs à voilure tournante

Abstract : The research work presented in this thesis is related to the System Engineering field and the computer aided synthesis field. A methodology realized by a newsoftware is developed and introduced. The synthesis process is semi-automated and is devided into three phases: the need extraction and its translation into system requirements, a logical architecture synthesis and a physical architecture analysis. The need extraction and its translation into system requirements are highly inspired from previous work from the System Engineering field. Nevertheless, the objective, at this step, is to provide the software and the user with a unique model understandable to both. Stakeholders, life situations, needs, requirements and interfaces with the environment are modelized. The logical architecture synthesis, or logical architecture generation, is in accordance with the models we build previoulsy. That is to say that all logical architectures are instantiations of the system requirements expressed before. A C++ code translates this model into mathematical equations solved by an integer CSP solver. The result of this part of the methodology is a set of graphs, ranked by family. These graphs are views of the logical architectures. They express all the possible links between the sub-systems of the architectures. The physical architecture analysis step is an automated equation writer. The equations are non-linear and non differential and they are written for each logical architecture generated at the previous step. They are used for a first step of pre-sizing. These systems are then solved by a CSP solver for real numbers through an optimization. At the end, all the feasible architectures are ranked according to a unique state variable that iscommon to all possible solutions.
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Chris Hartmann. Automatisation de la synthèse d’architectures appliquée aux aéronefs à voilure tournante. Ingénierie assistée par ordinateur. École centrale de Nantes, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ECDN0002⟩. ⟨tel-01964251⟩

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