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Experimental and numerical study on thermo-mechanical behaviour of carbon fibre reinforced polymer and structures reinforced with CFRP

Abstract : Carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) is one of common solutions in repairing / reinforcing/strengthening/ retrofitting structures in civil engineering due to its advantages in mechanicalproperties, durability and workability. However, recent issues have raised concerns for fireperformance of CFRP and CFRP reinforced structures. Throughout the literature, there are severalinvestigations on the evolution of mechanical performance of CFRP and CFRP reinforced structuresduring or after exposing to different levels of temperature which are close to temperatures obtainedduring a fire. However, the results are scatter due to the diversity of materials used, the difference intest protocols, and limitation in test facility for elevated temperature use. Analytical and numericalstudies are also conducted with parametric investigation to observe, improve, and proposerecommendations for design guideline. Additionally, missing gap in experimental data has asignificant influence on the applicability of the available results.This research characterizes the behaviours of CFRPs and of concrete structure reinforced with CFRPmaterial under three separated conditions concerning elevated temperature and mechanical loadingthat are close to different cases of fire application. The experimental and numerical methods used inthis research are to further investigate the status of each material during the case studies. Particularly,residual test is used to study the mechanical performance of specimens cooled after exposing toelevated temperature respecting the evaluation of the remained behaviour of CFRP reinforcedstructures at post-fire situation for repairing/ retrofitting purpose. Two thermo-mechanical tests areused to study the mechanical performance of specimens at different elevated temperatures and theirthermal performance at different mechanical statuses respecting the fire situation for predicting anddesigning purpose. The two final cases focus on the influence of loading order on the results toconfirm the validity of experimental mechanical data obtained at different temperatures whenapplying for evaluating the fire performance of CFRP reinforced structure where mechanical effectsand then temperature effects are combined.In the first experimental part, 86 tests on two types of CFRP (one pre-fabricated in factory and onemanually fabricated in laboratory) were studied in the temperature range from 20°C to 712°C. Theperformance of CFRP material is generally reduced as the temperature increases. The thermomechanicaland residual ultimate strengths of P-CFRP gradually decrease from 20°C to 700°C, whileits Young’s modulus varies less than 10% from 20°C to 400°C and then significantly decreases at600°C. The identified thermo-mechanical performance of CFRP was lower than its residualperformance, especially at temperature beyond 400°C. Furthermore, the elevated temperature andmechanical load are experimentally shown to be relevant and thus the loading order has a small effecton the material performance under thermo-mechanical conditions. A new analytical model, proposedfor the evolution of thermo-mechanical ultimate strength in function of temperature, has shown theability to fit with two studied CFRPs and with those tested under similar thermo-mechanical conditionin the literature [etc...]
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Submitted on : Friday, December 21, 2018 - 4:34:07 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01963882, version 1



Phi Long Nguyen. Experimental and numerical study on thermo-mechanical behaviour of carbon fibre reinforced polymer and structures reinforced with CFRP. Civil Engineering. Université de Lyon, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE1130⟩. ⟨tel-01963882⟩



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