Les enseignements de la micro-économie de la production face aux enjeux environnementaux : étude des productions jointes théorie et applications

Abstract : The exposition of this thesis is based on three parts. First, production technologies are analysed with respect toseveral axiomatic approaches. The B-disposability property is introduced in order to give a more general definition ofthe pollution-generating technologies. This methodological innovation aims to reveal pollution-generating technologiescompatible with a minimal set of assumptions. Then, a more general class of pollution-generating technologiessatisfying both convex and non-convex axioms, can be defined. Furthermore, this axiomatic contribution allows toconsider inputs and outputs partitions, which is of particular interest in empirical studies. The second part of thiswork concerns the measurement of technical efficiency. Then, generalised distance functions are introduced in B-disposable production sets. Following these results, several tests are suggested in order to characterize the structure ofB-disposable production technologies. Moreover, innovative duality results are proposed based on the B-disposabilityproperty. This considerably weakens classical duality results based upon usual disposal assumptions. In the thirdpart, productivity change is studied. Generalisation of additive and multiplicative complete eco-productivity measures,are introduced. Following non-parametric technologies, a procedure to implement the generalised eco-productivitymeasures is exposed. This process is based on the non-parametric estimation of the generalised distance functionssuggested in this work.
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Arnaud Abad. Les enseignements de la micro-économie de la production face aux enjeux environnementaux : étude des productions jointes théorie et applications. Economies et finances. Université de Perpignan, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PERP0035⟩. ⟨tel-01963415⟩

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